regional

Russian-ukraine War Who Is Benefitting As Africa Is Hurting?

Monocroppers tended to be much more threat averse and preferred to plant lower-yielding, shorter-maturity seed varieties. In a West African country, the relative age of a farmer’s cocoa trees was also a significant factor in shopping for behavior. Yield reductions for cocoa trees older than 20 years provided farmers limited incentive to invest in inputs, versus that with trees amongst eight to 15 years of age. Younger trees have been predominant in particular regions, suggesting that companies could much better target demand-creation efforts in these places. These shifts in the distribution chain do come with challenges, although, including managing much...